Normally, the eye is constantly producing tears at a slow and steady rate to keep itself moist, smooth and comfortable. When the eyes don’t produce enough tears, or when the eyes aren’t producing the right type of tears, it leads to a condition called dry eyes.
Common symptoms of Dry Eyes:
Stinging or burning
Mucus strings around the eyelids
Discomfort when wearing contact lenses
Tear Production normally decreases as we age. Although dry age can occur in both men and woman at any age; women are most often affected especially after menopause. Other causes of dry eyes are:
Certain diseases affect tear production, such as Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and thyroid function
Climates affect dry eyes, such as dry and windy areas, or areas full of smoke and debris
Surgeries that alter the surface of the eye, such as Lasik
Focusing on objects for long periods of time, especially bright screens, like a TV or computer
Certain medications can cause dry eyes. Always read the side effects.
Your ophthalmologist can diagnose dry eyes by examining the eyes. Depending on the cause of the dry eyes, your doctor will choose the treatment plan accordingly.